Kidney Disease in Dogs

Kidney failure among dogs results in an underlying health disorder that may stop the kidneys from functioning. This article will share some common causes and relevant information about kidney failure among dogs.

Kidney failure is also known as renal failure; many other conditions and organ disorders cause it among dogs, leading to kidney failure. Suppose the dog has a pair of healthy kidneys. In that case, they help perform several different operations, such as eliminating toxins in the body, regulating hydration, and maintaining an average electrolytic balance.

In addition, the kidney also produces some hormones that help generate red blood cells in the body. If the kidneys are not performing their regular function, we call it kidney failure in the dogs.


Types of Kidney Failure In Dogs

Chronic and Acute are the two types of Kidney failure in dogs:

Chronic Kidney Failure

In chronic kidney failure, the kidney loses its proper function gradually. It may take weeks, months, and years to stop its function. In addition, it is an age-related impairment.

Chronic kidney failure is fatal primarily for some dogs as they cannot recover from it. However, in some dogs, we can manage the disease successfully, and the dogs begin to live happily for months and even years.

Acute Kidney Failure

The sudden malfunctioning of kidneys for a shorter span of days or hours is known as acute kidney failure in dogs. If the dog gets an infection or exposure to a toxin, it might get acute kidney failure. However, an early diagnosis and treatment may result in the dog’s recovery.

Symptoms Of Kidney Failure in Dogs

Following are the main signs which indicate that dog is suffering from kidney failure.

  • Loss of weight
  • Nausea and diarrhea
  • White gums
  • Instability or stumbling
  • Chemical odor in the air
  • Significant appetite loss
  • Significant changes in water consumption
  • Urine volume changes, either rising or falling
  • Oral sores
  • Urethral blood
  • Lethargy
  • Seizures

If you are experiencing any of the above signs in your dog, rush towards the veterinarian immediately. So if you want a good treatment outcome, getting the treatment as soon as possible is better.

Main Causes Of Kidney Failure In Dogs

Following are the leading causes of kidney failures in dogs Congenital disease, bacterial infections, toxicosis, some dental diseases, and Geriatric degeneration.

Treatment Of Kidney Failure In Dogs

The treatment of kidney failure starts by looking at the symptoms and the underlying health issue of dogs. If the kidney failure is acute, a sudden treatment is required. The dogs getting acute kidney failure treatment are kept in intensive care units.

However, the main goals of chronic kidney failure treatment will be to slow the disease’s progression and enhance your dog’s quality of life.


Kidney or Renal failure is also common among dogs. Broadly it is characterized by two main categories. The acute one is a sudden malfunctioning of kidneys and needs urgent medical attention from the owner. Chronic kidney failure is related to age, and it can be cured in some cases while it is primarily fatal for some dogs.

Some symptoms indicate a serious underlying health problem in dogs, which may lead to kidney failure. We must take our dog to the vet immediately if we notice these symptoms.

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