Learn About Egg Binding in Birds

Egg binding is a serious health condition that affects female and breeding birds. Egg binding can affect many birds, but the most common species that suffer include finches, parakeets, lovebirds, canaries, and cockatiels. If you want to learn about egg binding in birds, we will share everything you want.

Egg binding means the egg is stuck in the bird’s body, and the bird cannot pass it out within the stipulated period. The egg binding time varies in many species, typically around 24 to 48 hours.

The birds use force to pass the egg, which is often confused by the bird owners as the bird is straining to defecate. Suppose the bird is suffering from egg binding. In that case, it may experience the conditions like lack of appetite, looking ill, fluffing up the feathers, the bird’s sleep patterns increase than usual, and the abdomen seems swollen. Moreover, the stuck egg makes it very difficult for the bird to pass urine or defecate.

“The bird’s vent, which serves as the opening for ejecting waste from the urinary, gastrointestinal, and reproductive tracts, may become blocked by the egg. In this instance, a portion of the egg may be visible bulging through the vent”.


Symptoms of Egg Binding In Birds

The birds hide the symptoms of egg binding and show only when they cannot hide anymore. Wild birds can easily hide their problem and survive while the weaker birds become target predators, and the owners realize with difficulty that their bird is ill. Below are some symptoms that should alarm you, and you must contact the vet immediately.

Quick or difficult breathing

  • Swelling \ Constipation
  • Inflated feathers
  • Straining
  • Seated on the floor of the cage
  • Lameness
  • Reduced appetite

Causes of Egg Binding In Birds

Plenty of causes lead to egg binding in birds, such as problems with the egg, the diet of the bird, or some issues with the bird’s reproductive tract.

The egg may be too large for the bird to pass out, or sometimes it is not positioned correctly. Thus, the bird is unable to lay eggs usually. Moreover, birds with lower calcium intake can also not pass the egg the usual way.

The birds whose diet contains less calcium are likely to produce eggs with weaker shells or partially formed eggs. Thus, they cannot pass the egg properly; hence, egg binding occurs.

Moreover, egg-binding inflammation can be brought on by infections, tumors, or inflammation inside the hen’s reproductive system.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The vets typically can feel the stuck egg inside the bird’s abdomen by touching and feeling it. However, an x-ray examination is conducted in most cases. The x-ray tells the stuck position and size of the egg.

If the egg is struck inside the bird’s reproductive system before the formation of the shell, then it is difficult for the x-rays to give a clear image. So the vets prefer ultrasound to locate the stuck egg.

Calcium and supplemental oxygen are injected into the bird’s body as a treatment for egg binding. Usually, these measures can be helpful to pass out the egg on its own. In worst cases, the vets break the egg inside the bird and then clean out the egg residues and parts of the shell inside the bird.


Egg binding means the egg is stuck inside the bird’s reproductive system and cannot pass it out. It is a severe health condition that may lead to the death of birds. You may notice some symptoms and rush to the vet immediately. After getting diagnosed by specific methods, the vet will go for an appropriate way of relieving the bird from this egg trap situation.

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